The Struggle for Democracy in Latin America.

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Bryant, a Republican, announced today (April 5) via Twitter that he signed House Bill 1523—the Protecting Freedom of Conscience from Government Discrimination Act. "I am signing HB 1523 into law to protect sincerely held religious beliefs and moral convictions of individuals, organizations and private associations from discriminatory action by state government or ... Economics is concerned with the allocation of scarce resources, involving conflicts between social classes and among groups and individuals within classes.
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Domestic Internal Security and Democracy: The British Army

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But just because some people have fantasies of conspiracies does not mean that all conspiracies are fantasies. The fascist ideal is that of the 'new man'. although most commentators treat /ussolini's +ascist dictatorship in )taly and Hitler's 8aBi dictatorship in. and because of the potential it gives political leaders and elites to manipulate and control the masses. the central values of which it transformed rather than abandoned. 8ationalism is oppressive both in the sense that it submerges individual identity and conscience within that of the national whole. .-66' put it. anti$capitalist. and that it is invariably linked to intolerance. fascism has an 'anti$character'. and it is difficult to identify its core principles or a 'fascist minimum'. and to give un uestioning obedience to a supreme leader.erman people constitute a 'master race' and are destined for world domination' and a virulent form of anti$"emitism that portrayed the 9ews as inherently evil and aimed at their eradication. freedom and e uality were thus overturned in the name of struggle. )n many respects. is nothing% individual identity must be entirely absorbed into the community or social group. totalitarianism and overt racialism. ethnically or racially based forms of nationalism that have sprung up as a reaction against globalisation and supranationalism. a hero. 'everything for the state% nothing against the state% nothing outside the state'. leadership. honour and self$sacrifice. )t is a form of fascism that is often linked to anti$immigration campaigns and is associated with the growth of insular. suspicion and conflict. but all forms of nationalism may harbour a darker face that is essentially chauvinistic and potentially aggressive. freedom means complete submission. prepared to dedicate his life to the glory of his nation or race. embodied in a belief in 'strength through unity'. power. progress. heroism and war. ascism +ascism is a political ideology whose core theme is the idea of an organically unified national community. +ascism represents the darker side of the (estern political tradition.42A$. it breeds tribalism. 8. on the other hand.24. anti$ liberal. anti$communist and so on. democracy is e uated with dictatorship. )t is defined largely by what it opposes< it is anti$rational.ermany as the two principal manifestations of fascism. +or fascists. )n this sense. others regard +ascism and 8aBism as distinct ideological traditions. anti$bourgeois. !s the +ascist philosophy. fascism constitutes a revolt against the ideas and values that dominated (estern political thought from the +rench 0evolution onwards% in the words of the )talian +ascist slogan< '.erman 8aBism.entile &. ?alues such as rationalism.
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Democracy East and West: A Philosophical Overview

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Anarchists have often sympathized with the famous opening words of Jean-Jacques Rousseaus(see p. 165) Social Contract ([1762] 1913), ‘Man was born free, yet everywhere he is in chains.’At the heart of anarchism lies an unashamed utopianism, a belief in the natural goodness, or atleast potential goodness, of humankind. This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. ( back to text ) 15.
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By Vandana Shiva - Earth Democracy: Justice, Sustainability,

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A realm of autonomous associations and groups, formed by private citizens and enjoying independence from the government; civil society includes businesses, clubs, families and so on. Nasim Naghash Zargaran, also known as Maryam, was one of the first persons who converted to Christianity under Abedini's counsel [16 years ago], he told BP, and shortly after Abedini's 2012 imprisonment was arrested because of her vigilant evangelism. Since many of them focus on a narrow set of concerns or even on a single issue, and often a single issue of enormous emotional weight, they compete with the parties for citizens' dollars, time, and passion."
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America: A Participatory Democracy

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This is in sharp contrast to the Judeo-Christian tradition, where, as the same author points out, the source of the laws in the Old Testament is divine: Jehovah gives the laws to Moses. [69] The practical implication is that whereas the Judeo-Christian tradition imposes an �exogenous� moral code to individuals, constraining severely their freedom to discuss rationally their attitudes to various issues with moral implications (e.g. on abortion), this was not the case with the ancient Greek religion where �hubris does not simply presuppose freedom, it presupposes the absence of fixed norms� [70].
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High Noon for America: The Coming Showdown

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Such principles dominated the working-class political parties thatsprang up around the turn of the century: the Australian Labour Party was founded in 1891, theUK Labour Party in 1900, the Italian Socialist Party in 1892, its French counterpart in 1905, andso on. The welfare state is very alive and well.] Along with racism and sexism, there is class bigotry, one of the most widely held forms of prejudice in American society and the least challenged.
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Towards democracy

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Nevertheless, it is remarkablehow often political thinkers have proclaimed that ideology has been, or should be, brought to anend. For instance, Friedrich Nietzsche proposed thathuman beings are motivated by powerful emotions, their ‘will’ rather than the rational mind, andin particular by what he called the ‘will to power’. S. expansion, but to highlight the fact that there are major political forces today that are deadly enemies of both the left and U.
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Rawls and Religion

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Such ideological antagonisms are open to a thorough scrutiny by the scientific methods of praxeology and economics. It was a cold afternoon, after the day’s classes, when loud banging at my door sounded the warning. Norway needed a larger labor force, and women were the answer. In the 1996 study, I asked one hundred experts and opinion leaders - some of the same persons - to study a list of certain practices governing society, twelve practices in all, and identify those which were in their judgement "most important" and "least important" to people in their country.
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Gateways to Democracy: An Introduction to American

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The word ideology was coined during the FrenchRevolution by Antoine Destutt de Tracy (1754–1836), and was first used in public in 1796. As no meaningful reporting of the ecological crisis is possible unless it refers to the systemic causes of it, which by definition are excluded by the discourse in the mainstream media, the result is a complete misinformation, or just straightforward description of the symptoms of the crisis. Political Ideologies An Introduction3rd edition Andrew HeywoodHowever, the process to which Bell drew attention was not the ‘end of ideology’ so much as theemergence of a broad ideological consensus amongst major parties and therefore the suspensionof ideological debate.
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Outlines & Highlights for The Challenge of Democracy:

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Again, I believe in national sovereignty, and this is what is the problem, not capitalism itself or democracy. Finally, ideologies can be distinguished from political strategies (e.g. populism ) and from single issues that a party may be built around (e.g. opposition to European integration or the legalization of marijuana ). Our interpretation of the history of ideas and beliefs began around three thousand years ago, when the Jewish priesthood took advantage of the newly discovered power of alphabetic writing to craft a detailed mythology about a single God of creation.
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